How do you know when a centrifugal pump is the right pump? Centrifugal pumps are designed for certain industries and have specific uses. We will explain how a centrifugal pump works and then describe some of its uses in specific industries.
A centrifugal pump has an impeller on the inside of a casing. Liquids are forced into the centre or “eye” of the impeller. The impeller rotates and the rotational force is converted into centrifugal force. The liquid is propelled out the impeller channel into the volute chamber, where some of the force is turned into pressure due to less space in the casing.
Centrifugal pumps are known for high efficiency with low power consumption. This combination is crucial in a commercial building, for example, where many centrifugal pumps may be used. Because of their simple design, they are known for durability and low maintenance.
Centrifugal pumps are used in buildings for pumping the general water supply, as a booster and for domestic water supplies. The design of a centrifugal pump makes them useful for pumping sewage and slurries. They are also used in fire protection systems and for heating and cooling applications. In addition, they are popular in the beverage, dairy, food and light chemical industries.
Centrifugal pumps are used in many different industries for many different purposes. Centrifugal pumps are like water turbines in reverse. They use a motor to move an impeller, converting rotational energy into kinetic energy, pushing water through the chamber or casing. When the water enters the casing through an “eye,” it strikes the impeller where it is moved through and out of the chamber.
The exit of the water from the chamber creates pressure on the inside that is lower than that on the outside, causing more water to flow into the chamber, where it is moved by the impeller to start the cycle again.
Centrifugal pumps have numerous applications in various industries. They are used often in oil refineries and power plants. They are also the pump of choice for municipal water applications. They are used to move the general water supply from the pressure main in cases where a little or no suction lift is required.
They can also be used for boiler feed applications, wastewater management, flood protection, drainage and irrigation.
Centrifugal pumps also have numerous building applications. They are used to provide booster service into homes. They are also used in fire protection sprinkler systems or to circulate hot water. They can also be used for drainage and air conditioning systems.
The chemical and process industries use centrifugal pumps for applications such as chemicals, paints, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, cellulose, hydrocarbons, food and beverage production and sugar refining.
The mining industry uses centrifugal pumps as froth pumps, separating bitumen and minerals from clay and sand. They also use them to transport solids and slurries.